Sammies Honored at the White House

President Barack Obama met with the Samuel J. Heyman Service to America Medal (Sammies) finalists and winners in the East Room of the White House, October 23, 2013. Receiving the top honor of “Federal Employee of the Year” was the team comprising Deputy Hospital Epidemiologist Julie Segre (NHGRI), David Henderson (CC), Tara Palmore (CC), and Evan Snitkin (NHGRI). The award citation reads: “Stopped the spread of a deadly hospital-acquired infection through the first-ever use of genome sequencing to identify the source and trace the transmission of antibiotic-resistant bacteria, creating a groundbreaking model for the health care industry.”

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The SIG Beat

Proteostasis

Proteostasis, a seemingly straightforward fusion of the words “protein” and “homeostasis,” is actually a fertile and multifaceted concept. Ask any 10 scientists to define it, and you’re bound to get 10 different answers, and those opinions may change from year to year. Proteostasis encompasses the study of all areas of protein health and fitness that contribute to maintaining cellular integrity and function. Derailed proteostasis leads to protein misfolding and aggregation that is known or suggested to be implicated in many devastating human disorders.

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Viewing the Human Retina Through the Eyes of a Ground Squirrel

NEI Scientist Wei Li Finding Strategies for Treating Human Diseases

Why is NIH scientist Wei Li studying a fanciful species of ground squirrels to understand the human eye? For one thing, both humans and the thirteen-lined ground squirrel (Spermophilus tridecemlineatus), so named for its beautiful pattern of white stripes, can see in color. That’s something that most mammals can’t do. And when the ground squirrels hibernate, their eyes experience the same kind of metabolic stress that human eyes do when they have certain retinal disorders.

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HIV and AIDS: Much Accomplished, Much to Do

Says NIAID Director Anthony Fauci, One of the First to Study AIDS 

Even though more than four million lives have been saved, “it’s clearly too soon for a victory lap” in the fight against human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and AIDS, said Anthony Fauci, one of the first scientists to begin studying HIV and AIDS when the illness emerged in the early 1980s. A pioneer in understanding human immunological diseases, Fauci has led extensive basic and translational research exploring HIV and AIDS.

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From Zoo to Bedside

An Unlikely Route to Translational Research

Koalas have been a threatened species ever since the British colonization of Australia in the late 1700s. But a new, more insidious danger has emerged in the last century—a cancer-causing virus. Today, leukemia and associated lymphomas are the leading cause of death in koalas in northeastern Australia and in zoos around the world. Surprisingly, some human-related NIH research may help to rescue the adorable creatures. NIMH scientist Maribeth Eiden, is developing viral-based vectors for delivering genetic material to cells in the human central nervous system; her findings may also lead to the optimization of gene-delivery vectors in humans.

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The Training Page

FROM THE OFFICE OF INTRAMURAL TRAINING AND EDUCATION

Training to Work Well with Others

Nearly two-thirds of scientists surveyed reported that interpersonal conflict had hampered progress on a scientific project one to five times in their career. OITE has developed a program to train scientists to work well with others and manage conflictsso they can accomplish more science. 

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New Methods

New Microscopes That Reveal Cellular Processes in 3-D

May Help Scientists Observe How Viruses Attack

NIH researchers have developed two new high-resolution microscopes, both the first of their kind. The first—an instant linear structured illumination microscope (iSIM)—captures high-resolution images of small, fast-moving cellular structures in real time. The second—a dual-view inverted selective plane illumination microscope (diSPIM)—displays large cell samples in three dimensions (3-D) while decreasing the amount of harmful light that cells are exposed to during imaging.

 

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News You Can Use

NIH Library: Custom Information Solutions Service

The NIH Library recently introduced a new service, “Custom Information Solutions,” that can customize services and resources to address the specific needs of a group. Customized services include digitizing NIH-created print materials; building databases to support research projects; developing portfolio-analysis reports; and creating customized Web search tools.

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Research Briefs

Recent intramural discoveries and developments include: enteroviruses need cholesterol to replicate; new drugs could slow progress of fatal disorder; candidate vaccine against respiratory syncytial virus; tanning gene linked to testicular cancer; and molecular structure of amyloid plaques.

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Announcements

Highlights of NIH lectures, events, activities, and awards including winners of the 2013 Nobel Prize in Chemistry on November 18 and 20; Marston Linehan giving the Astute Clinician Lecture on November 20; the Chen Lecture on Innovation and Technology Transfer will be on November 22; three NIHers are new IOM members; and more. 

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