Thomas E. Dever, Ph.D.
Section on Protein Biosynthesis
NIHBC 06 228
Mechanism and Regulation of Eukaryotic Protein Synthesis
We study the mechanism and regulation of protein synthesis, focusing on GTPases, protein kinases, translation factors and mRNA features that control this fundamental cellular process. We use molecular-genetic and biochemical studies in yeast and human cells to dissect the structure-function properties of translation factors, elucidate mechanisms that control protein synthesis, and characterize how mutations in the protein synthesis apparatus cause human disease. Of special interest are the translation initiation factors eIF2, a GTPase that binds methionyl-tRNA to the ribosome, and eIF5B, a second GTPase that catalyzes ribosomal subunit joining in the final step of translation initiation. We also investigate stress-responsive protein kinases that phosphorylate eIF2alpha, viral regulators of these kinases, and how cellular phosphatases are targeted to dephosphorylate eIF2alpha. We are characterizing eIF2gamma mutations that are associated with MEHMO syndrome, a novel X-linked intellectual disability syndrome, and we are investigating the function of the translation factor eIF5A with a focus on its ability to stimulate the peptidyl transferase activity of the ribosome and facilitate the reactivity of poor substrates such as proline. We are also examining the role of the hypusine modification on eIF5A and the role of this factor in polyamine-regulated gene-specific translational control mechanisms, and we are characterizing metabolite control of translation via upstream Conserved Coding regions in select mRNAs.
Dr. Thomas Dever is head of the Section on Protein Biosynthesis in the Laboratory of Gene Regulation and Development of the NICHD, a position he has held since 1994. Dr. Dever received his B.S. in Chemistry from Gannon University, Erie, Pennsylvania in 1984. He received his Ph.D. in Biochemistry in 1990 from Case Western Reserve University in Cleveland, Ohio where he initiated his studies on eukaryotic translation in the laboratory of Dr. Bill Merrick. He studied as a postdoctoral fellow in the laboratory of Dr. Alan Hinnebusch in the NICHD from 1990 to 1994. Since 1994 he has headed the Section on Protein Biosynthesis. He is an elected fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Sciences (AAAS) and the American Academy of Microbiology (AAM), and he serves on the editorial board of the journal Molecular Cell.
Young-Baird SK, Lourenço MB, Elder MK, Klann E, Liebau S, Dever TE. Suppression of MEHMO Syndrome Mutation in eIF2 by Small Molecule ISRIB. Mol Cell. 2020;77(4):875-886.e7.
Young-Baird SK, Shin BS, Dever TE. MEHMO syndrome mutation EIF2S3-I259M impairs initiator Met-tRNAiMet binding to eukaryotic translation initiation factor eIF2. Nucleic Acids Res. 2019;47(2):855-867.
Ivanov IP, Shin BS, Loughran G, Tzani I, Young-Baird SK, Cao C, Atkins JF, Dever TE. Polyamine Control of Translation Elongation Regulates Start Site Selection on Antizyme Inhibitor mRNA via Ribosome Queuing. Mol Cell. 2018;70(2):254-264.e6.
Shin BS, Katoh T, Gutierrez E, Kim JR, Suga H, Dever TE. Amino acid substrates impose polyamine, eIF5A, or hypusine requirement for peptide synthesis. Nucleic Acids Res. 2017;45(14):8392-8402.
Vindu A, Shin BS, Choi K, Christenson ET, Ivanov IP, Cao C, Banerjee A, Dever TE. Translational autoregulation of the S. cerevisiae high-affinity polyamine transporter Hol1. Mol Cell. 2021.
Related Scientific Focus Areas
Molecular Biology and Biochemistry
This page was last updated on October 20th, 2020