Ramya Ramaswami, M.B.B.S., M.P.H.

Lasker Clinical Research Scholar

HIV and AIDS Malignancy Branch


Building 10, Room 6N106
Bethesda, MD 20892-1868



Research Topics

Dr. Ramaswami is a medical oncologist in the HIV/AIDS Malignancy Branch (HAMB). She leads the natural history and treatment study of patients with KSHV-associated multicentric Castleman disease (KSHV-MCD) within the NCI, which includes the largest group of patients treated for this condition within the United States. Clinical and laboratory data from this study will help inform new ways to diagnose and treat this rare and life-threatening condition.

Patients with Kaposi sarcoma herpesvirus (KSHV) and HIV often present with more than one malignancy, which may lead to significant morbidity and mortality. Dr. Ramaswami collaborates with her laboratory and clinical colleagues to determine key immunologic, genomic and clinical parameters that distinguish between these conditions, with an aim to improve patient outcomes.


Dr. Ramaswami received her medical degree from Imperial College London and a Masters in Public Health from Columbia University, Mailman School of Public Health. She completed her medical and oncology training within the National Health Services of the United Kingdom. During her oncology fellowship, she worked with the National Centre for HIV Malignancy at Chelsea and Westminster Hospital in London, which is Europe's largest research and treatment institute for HIV-associated cancers.

Dr. Ramaswami was an editorial fellow at the New England Journal of Medicine between 2016-2017. She is a member of the Royal College of Physicians (MRCP(UK)) and has completed her specialty training examinations in medical oncology (SCE).

Formerly a Physician-Scientist Early Investigator in the HIV and AIDS Malignancy Branch, Dr. Ramaswami became a Lasker Clinical Research Scholar in 2023. She is also an NIH Distinguished Investigator.

Selected Publications

  1. Ramaswami R, Uldrick TS. Remission after rituximab for HHV8+ MCD: what next? Blood Adv. 2023;7(18):5661-5662.
  2. Shrestha P, Astter Y, Davis DA, Zhou T, Yuan CM, Ramaswami R, Wang HW, Lurain K, Yarchoan R. Daratumumab induces cell-mediated cytotoxicity of primary effusion lymphoma and is active against refractory disease. Oncoimmunology. 2023;12(1):2163784.
  3. Yarchoan R, Ramaswami R, Lurain K. HIV-associated malignancies at 40: much accomplished but much to do. Glob Health Med. 2021;3(4):184-186.
  4. Spezia-Lindner NJ, Kondapi D, DiNardo AR, Ramaswami R, Chiao E, Clark EH. The Importance of Early Recognition of KSHV-Mediated Syndromes: A Case Report. Am J Med. 2021;134(10):e503-e506.
  5. Ramaswami R, Lurain K, Peer CJ, Serquiña A, Wang V, Widell A, Goncalves P, Steinberg SM, Marshall V, George J, Figg WD, Whitby D, Ziegelbauer J, Uldrick TS, Yarchoan R. Tocilizumab in patients with symptomatic Kaposi sarcoma herpesvirus-associated multicentric Castleman disease. Blood. 2020;135(25):2316-2319.

Related Scientific Focus Areas

This page was last updated on Monday, October 30, 2023