Clifford Lane, M.D.

Senior Investigator

Clinical and Molecular Retrovirology Section


Clinical Director


Building 10-CRC, Room 4-1479
10 Center Drive
Bethesda, MD 20892


Research Topics

In the laboratory, Dr. Lane’s early work involved studies aimed at dissecting the normal immunoregulatory mechanisms that control the human immune response to specific antigen challenges. When the AIDS epidemic emerged, he became one of the first investigators to study immunopathogenic mechanisms of HIV disease, ultimately making seminal observations that helped establish the field of HIV immunopathogenesis.

Dr. Lane has used investigational therapeutic interventions to further the understanding of HIV pathogenesis. He pioneered the strategies of immunologically compatible bone marrow transplantation and the adoptive transfer of lymphocytes and has examined the roles of cytokines in treating patients with HIV infection.


Dr. Lane received his M.D. from the University of Michigan in 1976. He then completed an internship and residency at the University of Michigan Hospital, Ann Arbor. In 1979, Dr. Lane came to the National Institutes of Health as a clinical associate in the Laboratory of Immunoregulation (LIR). In 1985, he was appointed deputy clinical director of NIAID; in 1989, he became the chief of the Clinical and Molecular Retrovirology Section of LIR, a position he still holds. In 1991, Dr. Lane became clinical director of NIAID and, in 2006, became NIAID Deputy Director for Clinical Research and Special Projects. He is currently on the editorial boards of theJournal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes and The American Journal of Medicine.

Selected Publications

  1. Beigel JH, Tebas P, Elie-Turenne MC, Bajwa E, Bell TE, Cairns CB, Shoham S, Deville JG, Feucht E, Feinberg J, Luke T, Raviprakash K, Danko J, O'Neil D, Metcalf JA, King K, Burgess TH, Aga E, Lane HC, Hughes MD, Davey RT, IRC002 Study Team.. Immune plasma for the treatment of severe influenza: an open-label, multicentre, phase 2 randomised study. Lancet Respir Med. 2017;5(6):500-511.

  2. Imamichi H, Dewar RL, Adelsberger JW, Rehm CA, O'Doherty U, Paxinos EE, Fauci AS, Lane HC. Defective HIV-1 proviruses produce novel protein-coding RNA species in HIV-infected patients on combination antiretroviral therapy. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2016;113(31):8783-8.

  3. INSIGHT START Study Group., Lundgren JD, Babiker AG, Gordin F, Emery S, Grund B, Sharma S, Avihingsanon A, Cooper DA, Fätkenheuer G, Llibre JM, Molina JM, Munderi P, Schechter M, Wood R, Klingman KL, Collins S, Lane HC, Phillips AN, Neaton JD. Initiation of Antiretroviral Therapy in Early Asymptomatic HIV Infection. N Engl J Med. 2015;373(9):795-807.

  4. Imamichi H, Natarajan V, Adelsberger JW, Rehm CA, Lempicki RA, Das B, Hazen A, Imamichi T, Lane HC. Lifespan of effector memory CD4+ T cells determined by replication-incompetent integrated HIV-1 provirus. AIDS. 2014;28(8):1091-9.

  5. Sneller MC, Kopp WC, Engelke KJ, Yovandich JL, Creekmore SP, Waldmann TA, Lane HC. IL-15 administered by continuous infusion to rhesus macaques induces massive expansion of CD8+ T effector memory population in peripheral blood. Blood. 2011;118(26):6845-8.

This page was last updated on August 3rd, 2017