Clifford Lane, M.D.

Senior Investigator

Clinical and Molecular Retrovirology Section


Clinical Director


Building 10-CRC, Room 4-1479
10 Center Drive
Bethesda, MD 20892


Research Topics

In the laboratory, Dr. Lane’s early work involved studies aimed at dissecting the normal immunoregulatory mechanisms that control the human immune response to specific antigen challenges. When the AIDS epidemic emerged, he became one of the first investigators to study immunopathogenic mechanisms of HIV disease, ultimately making seminal observations that helped establish the field of HIV immunopathogenesis.

Dr. Lane has used investigational therapeutic interventions to further the understanding of HIV pathogenesis. He pioneered the strategies of immunologically compatible bone marrow transplantation and the adoptive transfer of lymphocytes and has examined the roles of cytokines in treating patients with HIV infection.


Dr. Lane received his M.D. from the University of Michigan in 1976. He then completed an internship and residency at the University of Michigan Hospital, Ann Arbor. In 1979, Dr. Lane came to the National Institutes of Health as a clinical associate in the Laboratory of Immunoregulation (LIR). In 1985, he was appointed deputy clinical director of NIAID; in 1989, he became the chief of the Clinical and Molecular Retrovirology Section of LIR, a position he still holds. In 1991, Dr. Lane became clinical director of NIAID and, in 2006, became NIAID Deputy Director for Clinical Research and Special Projects. He is currently on the editorial boards of theJournal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes and The American Journal of Medicine.

Selected Publications

  1. Imamichi H, Dewar RL, Adelsberger JW, Rehm CA, O'Doherty U, Paxinos EE, Fauci AS, Lane HC. Defective HIV-1 proviruses produce novel protein-coding RNA species in HIV-infected patients on combination antiretroviral therapy. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2016;113(31):8783-8.

  2. Di Mascio M, Srinivasula S, Kim I, Duralde G, St Claire A, DeGrange P, St Claire M, Reimann KA, Gabriel EE, Carrasquillo J, Reba RC, Paik C, Lane HC. Total body CD4+ T cell dynamics in treated and untreated SIV infection revealed by in vivo imaging. JCI Insight. 2018;3(13).

  3. INSIGHT START Study Group., Lundgren JD, Babiker AG, Gordin F, Emery S, Grund B, Sharma S, Avihingsanon A, Cooper DA, Fätkenheuer G, Llibre JM, Molina JM, Munderi P, Schechter M, Wood R, Klingman KL, Collins S, Lane HC, Phillips AN, Neaton JD. Initiation of Antiretroviral Therapy in Early Asymptomatic HIV Infection. N Engl J Med. 2015;373(9):795-807.

  4. PREVAIL III Study Group., Sneller MC, Reilly C, Badio M, Bishop RJ, Eghrari AO, Moses SJ, Johnson KL, Gayedyu-Dennis D, Hensley LE, Higgs ES, Nath A, Tuznik K, Varughese J, Jensen KS, Dighero-Kemp B, Neaton JD, Lane HC, Fallah MP. A Longitudinal Study of Ebola Sequelae in Liberia. N Engl J Med. 2019;380(10):924-934.

  5. Kennedy SB, Bolay F, Kieh M, Grandits G, Badio M, Ballou R, Eckes R, Feinberg M, Follmann D, Grund B, Gupta S, Hensley L, Higgs E, Janosko K, Johnson M, Kateh F, Logue J, Marchand J, Monath T, Nason M, Nyenswah T, Roman F, Stavale E, Wolfson J, Neaton JD, Lane HC, PREVAIL I Study Group.. Phase 2 Placebo-Controlled Trial of Two Vaccines to Prevent Ebola in Liberia. N Engl J Med. 2017;377(15):1438-1447.

This page was last updated on August 14th, 2019