Angela Langdon, Ph.D.


Unit on the Neural Computations in Learning


John Edward Porter Neuroscience Research Center
Building 35, Room 3A-100
35 Convent Drive
Bethesda, MD 20892


Research Topics

Learning to predict outcomes and act accordingly is the cornerstone of adaptive behavior. The aim of the Unit on the Neural Computations in Learning is to understand the computational processes involved in reward prediction and learning in the brain and in behavior and how these processes are disrupted in a range of psychiatric disorders. Research in the lab is focused on how neural activity in midbrain, striatal and cortical circuits support trial-and-error learning in animals and humans, and how timing processes dynamically shape expectations during reward-guided behaviors. We are particularly interested in how 'prediction errors'—the mismatch between predicted and actual outcomes—are computed and signaled in the brain, how these error signals are used to update reward predictions during experience, and how these reward predictions are organized into 'task representations' that guide goal-directed behaviors.

Research in the lab exploits various theoretical tools from reinforcement learning, Bayesian inference, dynamical systems theory and machine learning to build models of learning at both the neural and behavioral levels. We then test our models against neural recordings from animals collected by our collaborators and human behavioral data collected during novel reward-guided tasks designed within the lab to parallel the animal paradigms. We collaborate widely, with systems, behavioral, cognitive and clinical neuroscientists, in order to extend and test our theories to understand maladaptive learning and achieve translational insight into altered reward-guided behaviors in states of stress, compulsive behaviors and disorders of mental health.


Dr. Angela Langdon is Chief of the Unit on the Neural Computations in Learning. She obtained her B.Sc (Hons) in Physics at the University of New South Wales in Australia, followed by her Ph.D. in computational neuroscience in the School of Psychiatry at the University of New South Wales, where she worked with Dr. Michael Breakspear on modeling neural population dynamics during perceptual decision making. Her postdoctoral training with Dr. Yael Niv at the Princeton Neuroscience Institute at Princeton University focused on reinforcement learning theories of reward learning in the brain. She joined the National Institutes of Mental Health, Division of Intramural Research Programs in the summer of 2022 as a Principal Investigator. She also holds a secondary appointment with the National Institute on Drug Abuse, where her lab is part of the Cellular and Neurocomputational Systems Branch.

Selected Publications

  1. Takahashi YK, Stalnaker TA, Mueller LE, Harootonian SK, Langdon AJ, Schoenbaum G. Dopaminergic prediction errors in the ventral tegmental area reflect a multithreaded predictive model. Nat Neurosci. 2023;26(5):830-839.

Related Scientific Focus Areas

This page was last updated on Wednesday, August 23, 2023