Andrea B. Apolo, M.D.

Lasker Clinical Research Scholar

Genitourinary Malignancies Branch


Building 10 - Magnuson Clinical Center, Room 13N240
Bethesda, MD 20892


Research Topics

Camera on Cancer Research: Attacking Bladder Cancer on Multiple Fronts

Dr. Apolo is dedicated to improving the treatment and survival of patients with genitourinary tumors. Her research involves developing and designing clinical trials to test novel agents for the treatment of urologic cancers. Her primary research interest is in bladder cancer (urothelial carcinoma) and prostate cancer. In particular, she is working to develop new bladder cancer therapies that use targeted agents including anti-angiogenesis compounds, which block the growth of new blood vessels that feed tumors. Other research focuses include improving tumor detection by using new imaging modalities in bladder and prostate cancer and identifying molecular alterations in bladder tumors that will serve as targets for individualized treatment strategies in patients with this disease. Dr. Apolo is fluent in both English and Spanish.


Dr. Apolo is a graduate of Albert Einstein College of Medicine in New York. She completed clinical training in internal medicine at New York-Presbyterian Hospital/Weill Cornell Medical Center. Following her residency, she completed a medical oncology fellowship at Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center. Dr. Apolo joined the Medical Oncology Branch of the National Cancer Institute as an assistant clinical investigator. She is board certified for the practice of internal medicine and medical oncology and is a participating member of the American Society for Clinical Oncology.

Selected Publications

  1. Patel MR, Ellerton J, Infante JR, Agrawal M, Gordon M, Aljumaily R, Britten CD, Dirix L, Lee KW, Taylor M, Schöffski P, Wang D, Ravaud A, Gelb AB, Xiong J, Rosen G, Gulley JL, Apolo AB. Avelumab in metastatic urothelial carcinoma after platinum failure (JAVELIN Solid Tumor): pooled results from two expansion cohorts of an open-label, phase 1 trial. Lancet Oncol. 2018;19(1):51-64.

  2. Apolo AB, Infante JR, Balmanoukian A, Patel MR, Wang D, Kelly K, Mega AE, Britten CD, Ravaud A, Mita AC, Safran H, Stinchcombe TE, Srdanov M, Gelb AB, Schlichting M, Chin K, Gulley JL. Avelumab, an Anti-Programmed Death-Ligand 1 Antibody, In Patients With Refractory Metastatic Urothelial Carcinoma: Results From a Multicenter, Phase Ib Study. J Clin Oncol. 2017;35(19):2117-2124.

  3. Bagheri MH, Ahlman MA, Lindenberg L, Turkbey B, Lin J, Cahid Civelek A, Malayeri AA, Agarwal PK, Choyke PL, Folio LR, Apolo AB. Advances in medical imaging for the diagnosis and management of common genitourinary cancers. Urol Oncol. 2017;35(7):473-491.

  4. Apolo AB, Karzai FH, Trepel JB, Alarcon S, Lee S, Lee MJ, Tomita Y, Cao L, Yu Y, Merino MJ, Madan RA, Parnes HL, Steinberg SM, Rodriguez BW, Seon BK, Gulley JL, Arlen PM, Dawson NA, Figg WD, Dahut WL. A Phase II Clinical Trial of TRC105 (Anti-Endoglin Antibody) in Adults With Advanced/Metastatic Urothelial Carcinoma. Clin Genitourin Cancer. 2017;15(1):77-85.

  5. Apolo AB, Lindenberg L, Shih JH, Mena E, Kim JW, Park JC, Alikhani A, McKinney YY, Weaver J, Turkbey B, Parnes HL, Wood LV, Madan RA, Gulley JL, Dahut WL, Kurdziel KA, Choyke PL. Prospective Study Evaluating Na18F PET/CT in Predicting Clinical Outcomes and Survival in Advanced Prostate Cancer. J Nucl Med. 2016;57(6):886-92.

This page was last updated on October 25th, 2019