Amiran K. Dzutsev, M.D., Ph.D.
Laboratory of Integrative Cancer Immunology
Immunotherapy for cancer has been hailed as one of the most significant advances in cancer therapy field in recent decades. It has led to significant advancements in the treatment of various cancers, offering hope to patients who previously faced limited therapeutic options. From immune checkpoint inhibitors to CAR-T cell therapies and cancer vaccines, immunotherapy has ushered in a new era of personalized and effective treatments, fundamentally changing the landscape of oncology and offering the potential for long-lasting, durable responses in many cancer patients. Ultimately, the goal of our laboratory is to improve or design new immunotherapy strategies by leveraging insights obtained through various system perturbations, including ones involving the microbiome.
The microbiome has emerged as a significant player in the complex landscape of cancer research, particularly in its role in cancer immunotherapy. This diverse selection of bacteria, viruses, fungi, and other microorganisms residing primarily in the gut but also found in various tissues, including tumors, plays a pivotal role in modulating the risk, development, and progression of cancer. Our research focuses on how the composition and activity of the microbiota can influence cancer susceptibility and outcomes.
One of the key areas of interest lies in understanding how the microbiome impacts the immune system's function, as it is a critical component in the body's defense against cancer cells. Furthermore, specific microbes have been linked to the production of metabolites that can either promote or inhibit tumor growth. We explore how we can leverage this knowledge to develop novel cancer prevention and treatment strategies, such as microbiome-based therapies and personalized interventions to manipulate the microbiota in ways that benefit cancer patients.
As our understanding of the intricate interplay between the microbiome and cancer deepens, it holds great promise for revolutionizing our approach to cancer prevention, treatment and early detection. Harnessing the power of the microbiome may open new avenues for improving the efficacy and precision of cancer therapies, ultimately offering hope for better outcomes and enhanced quality of life for cancer patients.
Dr. Dzutsev received his M.D. from North-Ossetian Medical Academy, Vladikavkaz, Russia and his Ph.D. from the Institute of Immunology, Moscow, Russia, where he studied thymic selection under the supervision of Alexander Yarilin. Following his doctoral studies, he pursued postdoctoral training in Jay Berzofsky's laboratory at the NCI, where he conducted research in mucosal immunology. Subsequently, in 2010, he transitioned to the role of staff scientist in the laboratory of Giorgio Trinchieri. In 2023, he became an NCI Stadtman Tenure-Track Investigator.
Related Scientific Focus Areas
Microbiology and Infectious Diseases
This page was last updated on Tuesday, October 10, 2023