Piyush K. Agarwal, M.D.


Urologic Oncology Branch


Building 10 - Hatfield CRC, Room 2-5952
Bethesda, MD 20892-1210



Research Topics

Dr. Agarwal is interested in targeted therapy for bladder cancer. One of his current projects is molecular targeted photoimmunotherapy in bladder cancer targeting EGFR, FGFR3, and other mutated and/or over-expressed surface receptors in urothelial cancer. This is in collaboration with Hisataka Kobayashi, M.D., Ph.D., and Peter L. Choyke, M.D. F.A.C.R. (Molecular Imaging Program). In addition, he is conducting a randomized phase II clinical trial for patients with high-grade bladder cancer who have failed at least 1 course of Baccillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) that is looking at the efficacy of a vaccine combined with BCG. This study is in collaboration with James L. Gulley, M.D., Ph.D. (Genitourinary Malignancies Branch) and Jeffrey Schlom, Ph.D. (Laboratory of Tumor Immunology and Biology).


Dr. Agarwal is a tenure-track investigator and the Head of the Bladder Cancer Section in the Urologic Oncology Branch of the National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health in Bethesda, MD. He received his M.D. from the Cornell (Weill) University School of Medicine in New York, New York. He then completed his urology residency at Case Western Reserve University in Cleveland, Ohio. He then went on to the University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center where he completed a fellowship in urologic oncology. Before coming to the NIH, Dr. Agarwal was a faculty member at the Henry Ford Hospital Vattikuti Urology Institute where he served as the Director of Robotic Bladder Surgery. Dr. Agarwal is a Board Certified and fellowship trained Urologic Oncologic Surgeon. Dr. Agarwal specializes in multidisciplinary management of bladder cancer and complex surgical techniques including robotic cystectomy and continent urinary diversions. He is also an expert in other urologic cancers including prostate, testicular, and penile carcinoma. His clinical and laboratory research focus on all aspects of bladder cancer, specifically, BCG-refractory disease and molecular targeted therapy.

Selected Publications

  1. Rayn KN, Hale GR, Grave GP, Agarwal PK. New therapies in nonmuscle invasive bladder cancer treatment. Indian J Urol. 2018;34(1):11-19.

  2. Railkar R, Krane LS, Li QQ, Sanford T, Siddiqui MR, Haines D, Vourganti S, Brancato SJ, Choyke PL, Kobayashi H, Agarwal PK. Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor (EGFR)-targeted Photoimmunotherapy (PIT) for the Treatment of EGFR-expressing Bladder Cancer. Mol Cancer Ther. 2017;16(10):2201-2214.

  3. Siddiqui MR, Grant C, Sanford T, Agarwal PK. Current clinical trials in non-muscle invasive bladder cancer. Urol Oncol. 2017;35(8):516-527.

  4. Li QQ, Hao JJ, Zhang Z, Krane LS, Hammerich KH, Sanford T, Trepel JB, Neckers L, Agarwal PK. Proteomic analysis of proteome and histone post-translational modifications in heat shock protein 90 inhibition-mediated bladder cancer therapeutics. Sci Rep. 2017;7(1):201.

  5. Park JC, Citrin DE, Agarwal PK, Apolo AB. Multimodal management of muscle-invasive bladder cancer. Curr Probl Cancer. 2014;38(3):80-108.

This page was last updated on April 30th, 2019